E-commerce, also known as online retail, has changed the way consumers shop. Despite accounting for just over 13% of global retail sales, e-commerce generated an estimate of $215 billion in the United States. Retail has seen substantial changes because of technological advancements, which have had an impact on e-commerce. As businesses have attempted to accommodate unpredictable fluctuations in supply and demand, such changes have come with the complexity of inventory management connected with e-commerce. Many online retailers have adopted Just-In-Time delivery to optimize inventory management and ensure customer satisfaction.